The roaches, Peak District, England
Mam Tor near Castleton
Mother Cap, Surprise View
Millstones, Stanage Edge
Größe: 1438,62 km²
Up the Hills
Exploring the Peak District National Park
Rich cultural heritage
Besides preserving nature, wildlife and culture of the Peak District, the National Park Authority wants to educate people. Their education programme aims to create awareness and understanding of the natural environment.
For over 10,000, people have been living in this area. Since then, the culture got richer every day and worth keeping alive.
A great example are the millstones – you can see them all around the national park. Lined up at Stanage Edge or covered in moss at Hathersage. They even have so great importance that the National Park Authority uses an icon of a millstone as a logo! They mark the entrances and the pathways of the area.
The first evidence of the usage of millstones dates back to before the Norman Conquest in 1066. Corn mills were already recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086. The earliest reference to the production of millstones in the Peak District date back to the 13th century. In the Middle Ages, they were shaped like mushrooms and only in the 18th to 19th centuries, they received their iconic wheel shape. The millstones were, of course, used to grain corn but they were also used for producing paper. The heavy millstones crushed the wood to create the necessary pulp.